Plants for Freshwater Wetlands & Wet Sites

The following plants may be used to create or enhance freshwater marshes or swamps or to stabilize and enhance streambanks, riverbanks or pond edges.

Remember to match the plants’ growth requirements with the site conditions. Wetness tolerated by these plants is provided in this guide in terms of frequency and duration of soil saturation or inundation (flooding), and depth of standing water.

 
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Asclepias  incarnata, Swamp milkweed Organically Grown Athyrium filix-femina             Southern Lady Fern Betula nigra, River Birch    18-24"
Asclepias incarnata, Swamp milkweed Organically GrownAthyrium filix-femina Southern Lady FernBetula nigra, River Birch 18-24"Black Willow 38 cell deep plug
 
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood   18-24" Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18" Eupatorium fistulosum, Joe Pye weed, Trumpetweed Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf Boneset
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 18-24"Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18"Eupatorium fistulosum, Joe Pye weed, TrumpetweedEupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf Boneset
 
Eupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed Eurybia macrophylla, Big Leaved Aster Eurybia spectabilis, Showy aster
Eupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye WeedEupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye WeedEurybia macrophylla, Big Leaved Aster Eurybia spectabilis, Showy aster
 
Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye Sunflower Hibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose Mallow Iris Versicolor, Blue Flag Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 2-3'
Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye SunflowerHibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose MallowIris Versicolor, Blue Flag Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 2-3'
 
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern Pontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 2-3' Salix nigra, Black Willow    38 cell deep plug
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas FernPontaderia cordata, PickerelweedPopulus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 2-3'Salix nigra, Black Willow 38 cell deep plug
 
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern Dryopteris marginalis                        Evergreen Wood Fern
Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic asterWoodwardia areolata, Netted Chain FernDryopteris marginalis Evergreen Wood Fern
 
Onoclea sensibilis                                Sensitive Fern Osmunda cinnamomea                                 Cinnamon Fern Osmunda regalis                                       Royal Fern Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive FernOsmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon FernOsmunda regalis Royal FernPteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern
 
Thelypteris noveboracensis   New York Fern Andropogon gerardii   Big Bluestem Carex stricta (Tussock sedge) Carex vulpinoidea  Fox sedge
Thelypteris noveboracensis New York FernAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Carex stricta, Tussock sedge, Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge
 
Carex crinata Fringed sedge Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset
Carex crinata Fringed sedge Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset
 
Helianthus angustifolia, Swamp Sunflower Lobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower
Helianthus angustifolia, Swamp SunflowerLobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobeliaMimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower
 
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Scarlet beebalm Rudbeckia laciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrage Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Scarlet beebalm Rudbeckia laciniata, Cutleaf coneflower Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrageSymphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster
 
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii  New York Aster Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow Vernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweed Juncus effusus   Soft Rush, Common Rush
Symphyotrichum novi-belgii New York AsterKosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh MallowVernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweedJuncus effusus Soft Rush, Common Rush
 
Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arum Sagittaria latifolia, Arrowhead, duck potato Saururus cernuus, Lizard's tail Schoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arumSagittaria latifolia, Arrowhead, duck potatoSaururus cernuus, Lizard's tailSchoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
 
Scirpus atrovirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Sparganium americanum, American Bur-reed Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass
Scirpus atrovirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Sparganium americanum, American Bur-reedSpartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass
 
Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18" Live Stake Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18-24" Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood   12-18" Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood    12" Live stake
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18" Live StakeCephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18-24"Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12-18"Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12" Live stake
 
Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush   12-18" Aronia melancarpa,  Black Chokeberry  12-18" Aronia arbutifolia   Red Chokeberry  12-18" Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, Common elderberry   12-18"
Lindera benzoin, Northern Spicebush 12-18"Aronia melancarpa, Black Chokeberry 12-18" Aronia arbutifolia Red Chokeberry 12-18"Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis, Common elderberry 12-18"
 
Sambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry   12" Live stake Viburnum dentatum,   Southern Arrowwood   12-18" Acer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24" Acer rubrum, Red Maple   12-18"
Sambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry 12" Live stakeViburnum dentatum, Southern Arrowwood 12-18"Acer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24"Acer rubrum, Red Maple 12-18"
 
Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple   18-24" Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam   18-24" Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry   18-24" Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum  18-24"
Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple 18-24"Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam 18-24"Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry 18-24"Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum 18-24"
 
Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum   18-24" Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24" Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak   18-24"
Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum 18-24"Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24"Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak 18-24"
 
Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak   18-24" Quercus nigra, Water Oak  18-24" Quercus palustris, Pin Oak  18-24" Quercus phellos,  Willow Oak  18-24"
Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak 18-24"Quercus nigra, Water Oak 18-24"Quercus palustris, Pin Oak 18-24"Quercus phellos, Willow Oak 18-24"
 
Salix sericea  Silky Willow  12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow    18-24" Salix nigra, Black willow    12" Live stake Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress  18-24"
Salix sericea Silky Willow 12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow 18-24"Salix nigra, Black willow 12" Live stakeTaxodium distichum, Bald Cypress 18-24"
 
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