Plants for Freshwater Wetlands & Wet Sites

The following plants may be used to create or enhance freshwater marshes or swamps or to stabilize and enhance streambanks, riverbanks or pond edges.

Remember to match the plants’ growth requirements with the site conditions. Wetness tolerated by these plants is provided in this guide in terms of frequency and duration of soil saturation or inundation (flooding), and depth of standing water.

 
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Athyrium filix-femina             Southern Lady Fern Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf Boneset Eupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed
Athyrium filix-femina Southern Lady FernEupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf BonesetEupatorium maculatum, Spotted Joe Pye WeedEupatorium purpureum, Sweet Joe Pye Weed
 
Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye Sunflower Hibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose Mallow Iris Versicolor, Blue Flag Juncus tenuis, path rush, poverty rush
Heliopsis helianthoides, Smooth OxeEye SunflowerHibiscus moscheutos, Swamp Hibiscus, Rose MallowIris Versicolor, Blue Flag Juncus tenuis, path rush, poverty rush
 
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern Pontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed New for 2019! Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster New for 2019! Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster New for 2019!
Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas FernPontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed New for 2019! Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster New for 2019!Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster New for 2019!
 
Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern Dryopteris marginalis                        Evergreen Wood Fern Onoclea sensibilis                                Sensitive Fern Osmunda cinnamomea                                 Cinnamon Fern
Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain FernDryopteris marginalis Evergreen Wood FernOnoclea sensibilis Sensitive FernOsmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern
 
Osmunda regalis                                       Royal Fern Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern Thelypteris noveboracensis   New York Fern Andropogon gerardii   Big Bluestem
Osmunda regalis Royal FernPteridium aquilinum, Bracken fernThelypteris noveboracensis New York FernAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem
 
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Carex stricta (Tussock sedge) Carex vulpinoidea  Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge
Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint Carex stricta, Tussock sedge, Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge
 
Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern sea oats, Indian wood oats Leersia oryzoides, Rice Cut Grass Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass
Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge Elymus riparious, Riverbank WildryeLeersia oryzoides, Rice Cut GrassPanicum virgatum, Switchgrass
 
Asclepias  incarnata, Swamp milkweed  Ships Spring 2019 Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common boneset Lobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia
Asclepias incarnata, Swamp milkweed Ships Spring 2019Eupatorium perfoliatum, Common bonesetLobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia
 
Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Ships Now! Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrage Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster Vernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweed
Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower Ships Now!Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrageSymphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster Vernonia noveboracensis, New York ironweed
 
Juncus effusus   Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arum Saururus cernuus, Lizard's tail Schoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
Juncus effusus Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arumSaururus cernuus, Lizard's tailSchoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
 
Scirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18" Live Stake
Scirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18" Live Stake
 
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood    12" Live stake Sambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry   12" Live stake Salix sericea  Silky Willow  12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black willow    12" Live stake
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12" Live stakeSambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry 12" Live stakeSalix sericea Silky Willow 12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black willow 12" Live stake
 
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