Plants for Freshwater Wetlands & Wet Sites

The following plants may be used to create or enhance freshwater marshes or swamps or to stabilize and enhance streambanks, riverbanks or pond edges.

Remember to match the plants’ growth requirements with the site conditions. Wetness tolerated by these plants is provided in this guide in terms of frequency and duration of soil saturation or inundation (flooding), and depth of standing water.

 
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Athyrium filix-femina             Southern Lady Fern Betula nigra, River Birch    18-24" Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18" Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 18-24"
Athyrium filix-femina Southern Lady FernBetula nigra, River Birch 18-24"Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 12-18"Euonymous americanus, Strawberry Bush 18-24"
 
Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf Boneset Iris Versicolor, Blue Flag Juncus tenuis, path rush, poverty rush Magnolia virginiana 18-24" SweetBay Magnolia
Eupatorium hyssopifolium, Hyssop Leaf BonesetIris Versicolor, Blue Flag Juncus tenuis, path rush, poverty rushMagnolia virginiana 18-24" SweetBay Magnolia
 
Magnolia virginiana 2-3' SweetBay Magnolia Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 2-3' Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas Fern Pontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed New for 2019!
Magnolia virginiana 2-3' SweetBay Magnolia Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 2-3'Polystichum acrostichoides, Christmas FernPontaderia cordata, Pickerelweed New for 2019!
 
Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 2-3' Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic aster Woodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern
Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 2-3'Symphyotrichum lateriflorum, Calico aster Symphyotrichum oblongifolium, Aromatic asterWoodwardia areolata, Netted Chain Fern
 
Dryopteris marginalis                        Evergreen Wood Fern Onoclea sensibilis                                Sensitive Fern Osmunda cinnamomea                                 Cinnamon Fern Osmunda regalis                                       Royal Fern
Dryopteris marginalis Evergreen Wood FernOnoclea sensibilis Sensitive FernOsmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon FernOsmunda regalis Royal Fern
 
Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fern Thelypteris noveboracensis   New York Fern Andropogon gerardii   Big Bluestem Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint
Pteridium aquilinum, Bracken fernThelypteris noveboracensis New York FernAndropogon gerardii Big Bluestem Calamagrostis canadensis, Canada bluejoint
 
Carex stricta (Tussock sedge) Carex vulpinoidea  Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge
Carex stricta, Tussock sedge, Carex vulpinoidea Fox sedge Carex crinata Fringed sedge Carex lurida, Sallow Sedge
 
Chasmanthium latifolium, Northern sea oats, Indian wood oats Leersia oryzoides, Rice Cut Grass Panicum virgatum, Switchgrass Chelone glabra, White turtlehead, turtlehead
Elymus riparious, Riverbank WildryeLeersia oryzoides, Rice Cut GrassPanicum virgatum, Switchgrass Chelone glabra, White turtlehead, turtlehead
 
Helianthus angustifolia, Swamp Sunflower Lobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobelia Mimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower
Helianthus angustifolia, Swamp SunflowerLobelia cardinalis, Red cardinal flower Lobelia siphilitica, Great blue lobeliaMimulus ringens, Allegheny Monkey Flower
 
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Scarlet beebalm Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrage Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow
Monarda didyma, Bee Balm, Scarlet beebalm Saxifraga virginiensis, early saxifrageSymphyotrichum novae-angliae, New England Aster Kosteletzkya virginica, VA Saltmarsh Mallow
 
Juncus effusus   Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arum Saururus cernuus, Lizard's tail Schoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
Juncus effusus Soft Rush, Common Rush Peltandra virginica, Arrow arum, Green arrow arumSaururus cernuus, Lizard's tailSchoenoplectus validus, Soft stem bulrush, great bulrush
 
Scirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis           Buttonbush   18" Live Stake
Scirpus atrivirens, black or green bulrush Scirpus cyperinus, Woolgrass bulrush, Spartina pectinata, Prairie Cordgrass Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush 18" Live Stake
 
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood    12" Live stake Sambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry   12" Live stake Acer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24" Acer rubrum, Red Maple   12-18"
Cornus amomum, Silky Dogwood 12" Live stakeSambucus nigra (canadensis), Common elderberry 12" Live stakeAcer negundo, Box Elder Maple 18-24"Acer rubrum, Red Maple 12-18"
 
Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple   18-24" Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam   18-24" Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry   18-24" Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum  18-24"
Acer saccharum, Sugar Maple 18-24"Carpinus caroliniana, American Hornbeam 18-24"Celtis occidentalis, Hackberry 18-24"Liquidambar styraciflua Sweet Gum 18-24"
 
Magnolia virginiana 12-18" SweetBay Magnolia Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum   18-24" Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24"
Magnolia virginiana 12-18" SweetBay Magnolia Nyssa sylvatica, Black Gum 18-24"Platanus occidentalis, American Sycamore 18-24" Populus deltoides, Eastern Cottonwood 18-24"
 
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak   18-24" Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak   18-24" Quercus nigra, Water Oak  18-24" Quercus palustris, Pin Oak  18-24"
Quercus bicolor, Swamp White Oak 18-24"Quercus michauxii, Swamp Chestnut Oak 18-24"Quercus nigra, Water Oak 18-24"Quercus palustris, Pin Oak 18-24"
 
Quercus phellos,  Willow Oak  18-24" Salix sericea  Silky Willow  12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow    18-24" Salix nigra, Black willow    12" Live stake
Quercus phellos, Willow Oak 18-24"Salix sericea Silky Willow 12" Live Stake Salix nigra, Black Willow 18-24"Salix nigra, Black willow 12" Live stake
 
Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress  18-24"
Taxodium distichum, Bald Cypress 18-24"
 
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